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Carbohydrate research

A comparative study of antioxidative activities of cell-wall polysaccharides.


PMID 21880306

Abstract

Oxidative burst in plants is elicited by biotic and abiotic stressors. Analogously to some monosaccharides which act as intracellular antioxidants, cell-wall polysaccharides may be in charge of buffering free-radical production in the extracellular compartment under pronounced prooxidative settings. Although a wide range of plant polysaccharides have been examined for their antioxidative properties, this usually has not been done in a coherent and comparative manner and against biologically relevant reactive species. Here we show that different cell-wall polysaccharides, cellulose, pectin, D-galacto-D-mannan, arabinogalactan, and xylan, exhibit distinctive antioxidative activities against the hydroxyl radical (·OH)-generating Fenton reaction and superoxide. We found, using an EPR spin-trapping method, that the main carriers of 'anti-Fenton' activity in the plant cell wall are pectin and xylan. They most likely act by binding metal ions in such a manner to allow the Fenton reaction, after which they scavenge ·OH. Such a mode of action is preferred by cells resulting in a safe degradation of H(2)O(2). On the other hand, the polysaccharides examined showed similar superoxide scavenging capacities. We propose that plants may employ different antioxidative characteristics of polysaccharides to regulate their redox status by modifying the composition of the cell wall.

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48230 D-Galacto-D-mannan from Ceratonia siliqua, ~95% (HPLC)