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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

A zyxin-nectin interaction facilitates zyxin localization to cell-cell adhesions.


PMID 22056563

Abstract

Cell-cell junction remodeling is associated with dramatic actin reorganizations. Several actin regulatory systems have been implicated in actin remodeling events as cell-cell contacts are assembled and disassembled, including zyxin/LPP-VASP complexes. These complexes facilitate strong cell-cell adhesion by maintaining actin-membrane connections. It has been proposed that zyxin and LPP localize to cell-cell junctions via a well-defined interaction with alpha-actinin. This was recently confirmed for LPP, but zyxin localization at cell-cell contacts occurs independently of alpha-actinin binding. Here we seek to map the zyxin sequence responsible for localization to cell-cell contacts and identify the protein that docks zyxin at this cellular location. Previous results have shown that a zyxin fragment excluding the alpha-actin binding site and the LIM domains (amino acids 51-392) can independently localize to cell-cell contacts. Here, expression of smaller zyxin fragments show that zyxin localization requires amino acids 230-280. A yeast-two-hybrid screen, using the central region of zyxin as bait, resulted in the identification of the cell-cell adhesion receptor nectin-4 as a zyxin binding partner. Further demonstrating zyxin-nectin interactions, zyxin binds the intracellular domain of nectin-2 in vitro. Depletion of nectin-2 from L cells expressing E-cadherin results in a loss of zyxin localization to cell-cell contacts, demonstrating that the zyxin-nectin interaction plays a critical role in zyxin targeting to these sites.