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Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death

Caspase-8 isoform 6 promotes death effector filament formation independent of microtubules.


PMID 22160860

Abstract

Caspase-8 can trigger cell death following prodomain-mediated recruitment to the 'death-inducing signaling complex.' The prodomain consists of two death effector domain (DED) motifs that undergo homotypic interactions within the cell. Aside from mediating recruitment of procaspase-8, the prodomains have also been implicated in regulating cell survival, proliferation, death, senescence, differentiation, and substrate attachment. Here, we perform the initial characterization of a novel isoform of caspase-8, designated caspase-8 isoform 6 (Casp-8.6), which encodes both prodomain DEDs followed by a unique C-terminal tail. Casp-8.6 is detected in cells of the hematopoietic compartment as well as several other tissues. When Casp-8.6 expression is reconstituted in caspase-8-deficient cells, Casp-8.6 does not significantly impact cellular proliferation, contrasting with our previous results using a domain-defined 'DED-only' construct that lacks the C-terminal tail. Like the DED-only construct, Casp-8.6 also robustly forms 'death effector' filaments, but in contrast to the DED construct, it does not exhibit a dependence upon intact microtubules to scaffold filament formation. Both types of death effector filaments promote apoptosis when expressed in the presence of full length caspase-8 (isoform 1). Together, the results implicate Casp-8.6 as a new physiological modulator of apoptosis.