Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology

Mutational biosynthesis of ansamitocin antibiotics: a diversity-oriented approach to exploit biosynthetic flexibility.

PMID 22238146


New ansamitocin derivatives were prepared by feeding aminobenzoic acid derivatives to cultures of Actinosynnema pretiosum HGF073, a mutant strain blocked in the biosynthesis of the required 3-amino-5-hydroxybenzoic acid (AHBA) starter unit. Use of several aminobenzoic acids as precursors led to a spectrum of products, reflecting the sequence of post-PKS tailoring steps involved in the generation of ansamitocins and adding novel aspects to the published suggestion model of post-PKS tailoring logic and flexibility. The studies provide insights into the substrate flexibility of the enzymes required for ansamitocin biosynthesis in A. pretiosum, whereas preliminary biological testing of the derivatives isolated and fully characterized by NMR spectroscopy allowed structure-activity relationship assignments to be made for a variety of intermediates occurring during the post-PKS tailoring sequence in ansamitocin biosynthesis.