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Cell death and differentiation

Thromboxane A2 modulates cisplatin-induced apoptosis through a Siva1-dependent mechanism.


PMID 22343716

Abstract

Thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) is an important lipid mediator whose function in apoptosis is the subject of conflicting reports. Here, a yeast two-hybrid screen for proteins that interact with the C-terminus of the TXA(2) receptor (TP) identified Siva1 as a new TP-interacting protein. Contradictory evidence suggests pro- and anti-apoptotic roles for Siva1. We show that a cisplatin treatment induces TXA(2) synthesis in HeLa cells. We demonstrate that endogenous TP stimulation promotes cisplatin-induced apoptosis of HeLa cells and that such modulation requires the expression of Siva1, as evidenced by inhibiting its endogenous expression using siRNAs. We reveal that, upon stimulation of TP, degradation of Siva1 is impeded, resulting in an accumulation of the protein, which translocates from the nucleus to the cytosol. Translocation of Siva1 correlates with its reduced interaction with Mdm2 (an inhibitor of p53 signalling), as well as with its increased interaction with TRAF2 and XIAP (known to enhance pro-apoptotic signalling). Our data provide a model that reconciles the pro- and anti-apoptotic roles that were reported for Siva1 and identify a new mechanism for promoting apoptosis by G protein-coupled receptors. Our findings may have implications in the use of cyclo-oxygenase inhibitors during cisplatin chemotherapy and might provide a target to reduce cisplatin toxicity on non-cancerous tissues.