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PloS one

Assessment of roles for calreticulin in the cross-presentation of soluble and bead-associated antigens.


PMID 22848581

Abstract

Antigen cross-presentation involves the uptake and processing of exogenously derived antigens and their assembly with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. Antigen presenting cells (APC) load peptides derived from the exogenous antigens onto MHC class I molecules for presentation to CD8 T cells. Calreticulin has been suggested to mediate and enhance antigen cross-presentation of soluble and cell-derived antigens. In this study, we examined roles for calreticulin in cross-presentation of ovalbumin using a number of models. Our findings indicate that calreticulin does not enhance in vitro cross-presentation of an ovalbumin-derived peptide, or of fused or bead-associated ovalbumin. Additionally, in vivo, calreticulin fusion or co-conjugation does not enhance the efficiency of CD8 T cell activation by soluble or bead-associated ovalbumin either in wild type mice or in mice lacking Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). Furthermore, we detect no significant differences in cross-presentation efficiencies of glycosylated vs. non-glycosylated forms of ovalbumin. Together, these results point to the redundancies in pathways for uptake of soluble and bead-associated antigens.