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Advances in biological regulation

Activation mechanisms of ASK1 in response to various stresses and its significance in intracellular signaling.


PMID 23031789

Abstract

Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase family. ASK1 activates c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 in response to various stimuli such as oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, infection and calcium influx. Under these stress conditions, ASK1 plays important roles in intracellular signaling pathways and biological functions. Diverse proteins are known to interact with ASK1 and regulate the activity of ASK1. However, activation mechanisms of ASK1 and ASK1-binding proteins which regulate the activity of ASK1 have not been completely understood. In this review, we focus on the recent findings on ASK1 and update the regulatory mechanisms of ASK1 activity.