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The Annals of pharmacotherapy

Extended-release mesalamine granules for ulcerative colitis.


PMID 23115226

Abstract

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of extended-release mesalamine granules in the maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis (UC). Literature was obtained through searches of MEDLINE (1990-June 2012) using the terms mesalamine granules, ulcerative colitis, Apriso, and Salofalk. Bibliographies from retrieved articles were searched for additional citations. All English-language articles reporting on use of extended-release mesalamine granules in humans identified through the search were evaluated and included. The preferred initial treatment for induction and maintenance of remission in mild to moderate UC is agents from the 5-aminosalicylate class (balsalazide, mesalamine, olsalazine, sulfasalazine). Mesalamine granules are available as an encapsulated product in the US and as a nonencapsulated formulation in Europe. Data evaluating encapsulated mesalamine granules for induction of remission are lacking; however, the European mesalamine granule formulation has been evaluated for induction of remission. Patients receiving mesalamine granules for induction achieved clinical and endoscopic remission more frequently than those receiving placebo. Two pivotal, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter studies have evaluated encapsulated mesalamine granules for maintenance in 562 adults in remission from UC. In both studies, the proportion of patients who remained relapse-free at 6 months was higher for those receiving encapsulated mesalamine granules than placebo. Mesalamine granules are well tolerated, with headache, nausea, and upper respiratory infections being the most frequently reported adverse effects. Current evidence supports the use of extended-release mesalamine granules for maintenance of remission in mild to moderate UC. Further studies are necessary to examine the ideal dose and regimen of encapsulated mesalamine granules for induction of remission in UC.