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Scientific reports

Dishevelled3 is a novel arginine methyl transferase substrate.


PMID 23150776

Abstract

Dishevelled, a phosphoprotein scaffold, is a central component in all the Wnt-sensitive signaling pathways. In the present study, we report that Dishevelled is post-translationally modified, both in vitro and in vivo, via arginine methylation. We also show protein arginine methyl transferases 1 and 7 as the key enzymes catalyzing Dishevelled methylation. Interestingly, Wnt3a stimulation of F9 teratocarcinoma cells results in reduced Dishevelled methylation. Similarly, the methylation-deficient mutant of Dishevelled, R271K, displayed spontaneous membrane localization and robust activation of Wnt signaling; suggesting that differential methylation of Dishevelled plays an important role in Wnt signaling. Thus arginine methylation is shown to be an important switch in regulation of Dishevelled function and Wnt signaling.