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Journal of neuroscience methods

Ion-selective microelectrodes suitable for recording rapid changes in extracellular ion concentration.


PMID 2329840

Abstract

A method for fabricating double-barrel, ion-selective microelectrodes with fine tips (0.5-1.5 microns) and rapid response times is described. When made into K(+)-selective microelectrodes, the electrodes respond to changes in [K+]o with a time constant of 70-95 ms. The electrical response of these electrodes to common-mode voltages can be made to have a time constant of less than 2 ms, which minimizes electrical artifacts from field potentials. The application of these microelectrodes to the measurement of rapid, transient changes in retinal [K+]o is presented.