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Journal of cellular physiology

MicroRNA-195 chemosensitizes colon cancer cells to the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin by targeting the first binding site of BCL2L2 mRNA.


PMID 23526568

Abstract

The mechanisms underlying doxorubicin (Dox) resistance in colon cancer cells are not fully understood. MicroRNA (miRNA) play important roles in tumorigenesis and drug resistance. However, the relationship between miRNA and Dox resistance in colon cancer cells has not been previously explored. In this study, we utilized microRNA array and real-time PCR to verify that miR-127, miR-195, miR-22, miR-137 were significantly down-regulated, while miR-21, miR-592 were up-regulated in both HT29/DOX and LOVO/DOX cell lines. In vitro cell viability assay showed that knockdown of miR-195 in HT29 and LOVO cells caused a marked inhibition of Dox-induced cytotoxicity. Moreover, we explored that miR-195 is involved in repression of BCL2L2 expression through targeting its 3'-untranslated region, especially the first binding site within its mRNA. Furthermore, down-regulation of miR-195 conferred DOX resistance in parental cells and reduced cell apoptosis activity, while over-expression of miR-195 sensitized resistant cells to DOX and enhanced cell apoptosis activity, all of which can be partly rescued by BCL2L2 siRNA and cDNA expression. These results may have implications for therapeutic strategies aiming to overcome colon cancer cell resistance to Dox.