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Breast cancer research and treatment

Differential role of psoriasin (S100A7) in estrogen receptor α positive and negative breast cancer cells occur through actin remodeling.


PMID 23535840

Abstract

Psoriasin (S100A7) is a calcium-binding protein that has shown to be highly expressed in high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and a subset of invasive breast cancers. However, its role in invasion and metastasis is not very well known. In this study, we have shown that S100A7 differentially regulates epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced cell migration and invasion in ERα(-) MDA-MB-231 cells and ERα(+) MCF-7 and T47D breast cancer cells. Further signaling studies revealed that S100A7 enhances EGF-induced EGFR phosphorylation and actin remodeling that seems to favor lamellipodia formation in ERα(-) cells. In addition, S100A7 overexpression enhanced NF-κB-mediated matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) secretion in MDA-MB-231 cells indicating its role in enhanced invasiveness. However, S100A7 overexpression inhibited migration and invasion of MCF-7 cells by inactivating Rac-1 pathway and MMP-9 secretion. Moreover, S100A7 overexpressing MDA-MB-231 cells showed enhanced metastasis compared to vector control in in vivo nude mice as detected by bioluminescence imaging. Our tissue microarray data also revealed predominant expression of S100A7 in ERα(-) metastatic carcinoma, especially in lymph node regions. Overall these studies suggest that S100A7 may enhance metastasis in ERα(-) breast cancer cells by a novel mechanism through regulation of actin cytoskeleton and MMP-9 secretion.