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Experimental cell research

Molecular views of Arf-like small GTPases in cilia and ciliopathies.


PMID 23548655

Abstract

The primary cilia are microtubule-based organelles that protrude from most of the eukaryotic cells. Recognized as the cell's antenna, primary cilium functions as a signaling hub for many physiologically and developmentally important signaling cascades. Ciliary dysfunction causes a wide spectrum of syndromic human genetic diseases collectively termed "ciliopathies". Mounting evidences have shown that various small GTPases have been implicated in the context of cilia as well as human ciliopathies. However, how these small GTPases affect cilia formation and function remains poorly understood. Here we review and discuss the ciliary role of three Arf-like small GTPases (Arls), Arl3, Arl6, and Arl13b.