Type II phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase β is an integral signaling component of early T cell activation mechanisms.

PMID 23619705


The early signaling events in T cell activation through CD3 receptor include a rapid change in intra cellular free calcium concentration and reorganization of actin cytoskeleton. Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases (PtdIns 4-kinases) are implicated as key components in these early signaling events. The role of type II PtdIns 4-kinase β in CD3 receptor signaling was investigated with the help of short hairpin RNA sequences. Cross-linking of CD3 receptors on Jurkat T Cells with monoclonal antibodies showed an early increase in type II PtdIns 4-kinase activity and co-localization of type II PtdIns 4-kinase β with CD3 ζ. Transfection of Jurkat T Cells with shRNAs inhibited CD3 receptor mediated type II PtdIns 4-kinase activation with a concomitant reduction in intra cellular calcium release, suggesting a role for type II PtdIns 4-kinase β in CD3 receptor signal transduction. Knock-down of type II PtdIns 4-kinase β with shRNAs also correlated with a decrease in PtdIns 4-kinase activity in cytoskeleton fractions and reduced adhesion to matrigel surfaces. These results indicate that type II PtdIns 4-kinase β is a key component in early T cell activation signaling cascades.