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The Psychiatric clinics of North America

Toluene abuse and white matter: a model of toxic leukoencephalopathy.


PMID 23688693

Abstract

The brain is the primary target of toluene (methylbenzene), the major solvent in spray paint and a constituent of many other easily obtained commercial and industrial products. The effects of acute intoxication can be dramatic and the lasting adverse effects of inhalants may be highly injurious. Mental status alterations range from acute confusional state to coma. Toluene abuse effects on white matter are demonstrable neuroradiologically and neuropathologically, and have important neurobehavioral consequences.