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The Biochemical journal

Regulation of the transcriptional activation of the androgen receptor by the UXT-binding protein VHL.


PMID 23961993

Abstract

Loss and/or inactivation of the VHL (von Hippel-Lindau) tumour suppressor causes various tumours. Using a yeast two-hybrid system, we have identified the AR (androgen receptor) co-activator UXT (ubiquitously expressed transcript), as a VHL-interacting protein. GST pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation assays show that UXT interacts with VHL. In addition, UXT recruits VHL to the nucleus. VHL associates with the DBD (DNA-binding domain) and hinge domains of the AR and induces AR ubiquitination. Moreover, VHL interaction with the AR activates AR transactivation upon DHT (dihydrotestosterone) treatment. VHL knockdown inhibits AR ubiquitination and decreases transcriptional activation of the AR. Our data suggest that the VHL-UXT interaction and VHL-induced ubiquitination of AR regulate transcriptional activation of the AR.