Luminescence : the journal of biological and chemical luminescence

Simultaneous determination of metolazone and losartan potassium in their binary mixtures using high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection: application to combined tablets and spiked human plasma.

PMID 23996979


A new, specific and sensitive reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method was developed for the simultaneous determination of metolazone (MET) and losartan potassium (LOS). Good chromatographic separation was achieved within 6.0 min on a 150 × 4.6 mm i.d., 5 µm Waters, Ireland and ProDIGY 5 ODS 3 100 A column. A mobile phase containing a mixture of methanol and 0.02 M phosphate buffer (65:35, v/v) at pH 3.0 was used. The analysis was performed at a flow rate of 1 mL/min with fluorescence detection at 410 nm after excitation at 230 nm. Aspirin (ASP) was used as an internal standard. The proposed method was rectilinear over 2.0-40.0 (MET) and 40.0-800.0 ng/mL (LOS), with limits of detection of 0.22 and 4.52 ng/mL and limits of quantification of 0.68 and 13.70 ng/mL for MET and LOS, respectively. The method was successfully applied for the simultaneous analysis of the studied drugs in their laboratory-prepared mixtures, single tablets and co-formulated tablets. Moreover, the method was applied to an in vitro drug release (dissolution) test. The method was further extended to the determination of LOS in spiked human plasma. Statistical evaluation and comparison of data obtained using the proposed and comparison methods revealed no significant difference between the two methods in addition to good accuracy and precision for the proposed method.