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Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery

Role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in autogenous bone grafts to the mandible using guided bone regeneration and a deproteinized bovine bone material.


PMID 24035733

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in autogenous bone grafts to the mandible based on immunohistochemical analysis. Using a well-established sheep model autogenous bone grafts were harvested form the iliac bone. A combination of a Collagen Membrane (CM) and Deproteinized Bovine Bone Material (DBBM) was used to cover the bone graft (Experiment 2). This modification was compared with simple onlay bone grafts (Experiment 1). Immunohistochemically, the expression of specific stable degradation products of oxidative and nitrosative stress was compared between the two experimental groups. Specific markers for oxidative and nitrosative stress showed statistically significant differences in expression in the different experimental groups. The influence of oxidative and nitrosative stress on osteoblasts (OB), osteoclasts (OC), and osteocytes (OCy) was analysed. Experiment 2 showed increased expression of markers in OB and decreased expression in OC. Taking the result of this study and reports from the literature into consideration grafts in Experiment 2 showed less resorption and atrophy, higher activity of OB and inhibition of OC, and less expression of Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species (RONS) as markers of oxidative stress within the graft. These data illustrate the improved remodelling processes in grafts using CM and DBBM.