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Drug delivery

Effects of inhaled aminophylline on airway constriction and inflammation in ovalbumin-sensitized guinea pigs.


PMID 24148015

Abstract

The systemic administration of theophylline is useful for asthma treatment. However its narrow therapeutic range makes it difficult to use. Little is known about its potential in inhalation therapy, particularly repeated inhalation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the therapeutic usefulness of inhaled aminophylline in an asthma model. The effects of pretreatment with inhaled aminophylline (25 mg/mL for 30 min/dose) on airway response and inflammation after an ovalbumin (OVA) challenge and airway hypersensitivity to acetylcholine (Ach) were evaluated using guinea pigs sensitized with OVA. Aminophylline relaxed the ACh-induced contraction of tracheal smooth muscle in vitro in a concentration-dependent manner. Pretreatment with single-dose aminophylline inhalation suppressed OVA-induced airway constriction to the same extent as the intraperitoneal pretreatment with high-dose aminophylline (10-20 mg/kg). However, pretreatment with single-dose aminophylline inhalation did not suppress eosinophil infiltration into airways (neither bronchoalveolar lavage [BAL] fluid nor lung tissue) and did not suppress airway hyperreactivity to ACh, 24 h after OVA challenge. Repeated inhalation of aminophylline (twice daily for 7 days) suppressed the infiltration of eosinophils and suppressed airway hypersensitivity to ACh. In addition, high concentrations of aminophylline inhibited production of oxygen radicals by BAL cells. Single-dose inhalation treatment with aminophylline has transient but relatively strong bronchodilating effects due to delivery of high doses into local airways. Repeated inhalation treatment suppressed airway inflammation and hypersensitivity induced by allergens. Therefore, inhaled aminophylline may be useful for asthma treatment.