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Journal of medical microbiology

Analysis of the microbial ecology between Helicobacter pylori and the gastric microbiota of Mongolian gerbils.


PMID 24164959

Abstract

Animal models are essential for in vivo analysis of Helicobacter-related diseases. Mongolian gerbils are used frequently to study Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis and its consequences. The presence of some gastric microbiota with a suppressive effect on H. pylori suggests inhibitory gastric bacteria against H. pylori infection. The aim of the present study was to analyse the microbial ecology between H. pylori and the gastric microbiota of Mongolian gerbils. Gastric mucosa samples of H. pylori-negative and -positive gerbils were orally inoculated to five (Group 1) and six (Group 2) gerbils, respectively, and the gerbils were challenged with H. pylori infection. The colonization rate (40 %) of H. pylori in Group 1 gerbils was lower than the rate (67 %) in Group 2 gerbils. Culture filtrate of the gastric mucosa samples of Group 1 gerbils inhibited the in vitro growth of H. pylori. Three lactobacilli species, Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus johnsonii and Lactobacillus murinus, were isolated by anaerobic culture from the gerbils in Groups 1 and 2, and identified by genomic sequencing. It was demonstrated that the three different strains of lactobacilli exhibited an inhibitory effect on the in vitro growth of H. pylori. The results suggested that lactobacilli are the dominant gastric microbiota of Mongolian gerbils and the three lactobacilli isolated from the gastric mucosa samples with an inhibitory effect on H. pylori might have an anti-infective effect against H. pylori.