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Neuroscience letters

Neuroprotection by platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase in a mouse model of transient cerebral ischemia.


PMID 24189491

Abstract

Neuronal damage after transient cerebral ischemia is exacerbated by signaling pathways involving activated platelet-activating factor (PAF) and ameliorated by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH); but whether cerebral neurons can be rescued by human recombinant PAF-AH (rPAF-AH) remains unknown. Adult male mice underwent a 60 min middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and reperfusion for 24h. Then, the mice received intravenous tail injections with different drugs. Neurological behavioral function was evaluated by Bederson's test, and cerebral infarction volume was assessed with tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. mRNA and protein expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2, collagenase-1), MMP-9 (gelatinase-B), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were determined by quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR) and western blot analysis, respectively. Compared with the vehicle group, rPAF-AH significantly improved sensorimotor function (42%, P=0.0001). The volume of non-infarcted brain tissue was increased by the rPAF-AH treatment (16.3±4.6% vs. 46.0±10.3%, respectively). rPAF-AH significantly reduced mRNA and protein levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9, but increased the mRNA (P<0.001) and protein levels (P<0.01) of VEGF. These results demonstrate that rPAF-AH provides neuroprotection against ischemic injury. Neuroprotection might be induced not only by decrease in MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression, but also by increased VEGF expression.