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Annals of surgical oncology

CD151 overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in patients with pT3 gastric cancer.


PMID 24306658

Abstract

CD151, a transmembrane protein of the tetraspanin family, is implicated in the regulation of cell-substrate adhesion and cell migration. Overexpression of CD151 has been reported in several cancers and controls MET-dependent neoplastic growth by enhancing receptor signaling. However, association of CD151 overexpression with MET or tumor progression has not been reported in gastric cancer. We conducted immunohistochemical analysis of CD151 overexpression in 491 pT3 gastric carcinomas and analyzed the relationship with MET overexpression and prognostic significance. CD151 was highly expressed in 119 gastric carcinomas (24.2 %) and was significantly associated with higher pN stages. Patients with CD151-positive gastric cancer showed shorter overall (p = 0.003) and disease-free survival (p = 0.001) compared with patients with CD151-negative gastric carcinoma. CD151 overexpression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival [hazard ration (HR) 1.335; 95 % CI 1.005-1.775; p = 0.046] and disease-free survival (HR 1.903; 95 % CI 1.348-2.685; p < 0.001). Co-overexpression of CD151 and MET was observed in 30 (6.1 %) gastric cancers and was more frequent in advanced pN stages than in other groups. Moreover, co-overexpression of CD151 and MET was a strong independent prognostic factor for overall survival (HR 3.163; 95 % CI 1.958-5.108; p < 0.001) and disease-free survival (HR 3.834; 95 % CI 2.145-6.852; p < 0.001). CD151 overexpression is an independent prognostic factor and could be a potential molecular therapeutic target in patients with advanced gastric cancers. Further studies are needed to establish the biological significance of CD151/MET co-overexpression and the potential of targeting both molecules as a therapeutic strategy.