EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation

Hemodialysis-induced regional left ventricular systolic dysfunction and inflammation: a cross-sectional study.


PMID 24364893

Abstract

Hemodialysis may acutely induce regional left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction, which is associated with increased mortality and progressive heart failure. We tested the hypothesis that hemodialysis-induced regional LV systolic dysfunction is associated with inflammation and endothelial injury. Additionally, we studied whether hemodialysis-induced LV systolic dysfunction is associated with an exaggerated bioincompatibility reaction to hemodialysis. Cross-sectional study. 105 hemodialysis patients on a thrice-weekly dialysis schedule were studied between March 2009 and Marchxa02010. Plasma indexes of inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, pentraxin 3 [PTX3], interleukin 6 [IL-6], and IL-6:IL-10 ratio), bioincompatibility (leukocytes, neutrophils, complement C3, and myeloperoxidase), and endothelial function (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 [ICAM-1], von Willebrand factor, proendothelin, and endothelin) were measured just before dialysis and at 60, 180, and 240 minutes intradialysis. Hemodialysis-induced regional LV systolic function. Wall motion score was measured by echocardiography at 30 minutes predialysis, 60 and 180 minutes intradialysis, and 30 minutes postdialysis. We defined hemodialysis-induced regional LV systolic dysfunction as an increase in wall motion score in 2 or more segments. Patients with hemodialysis-induced regional LV systolic dysfunction (n=29 [27%]) had significantly higher predialysis high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, PTX3, IL-6, and lL-6:IL-10 ratio values. Predialysis levels of bioincompatibility and endothelial markers did not differ between groups. Intradialysis courses of markers of inflammation, bioincompatibility, and endothelial function did not differ in patients with versus without hemodialysis-induced regional LV systolic dysfunction. Coronary angiography or computed tomography for quantification of coronary calcifications in our patients was not performed; therefore, we could not relate markers of inflammation to the extent of atherosclerosis. Patients with hemodialysis-induced regional LV systolic dysfunction have a proinflammatory cytokine profile. There was no indication of an association with an exaggerated bioincompatibility reaction to hemodialysis.