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Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc

Inhibition of ZEB1 by miR-200 characterizes Helicobacter pylori-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with a less aggressive behavior.


PMID 24390222

Abstract

Primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas may or may not have a concurrent component of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma/mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas are often associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, suggesting that the large cells are transformed from mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas. In contrast, only limited data are available on the clinical and molecular features of pure gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. In 102 pure gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, we found H. pylori infection in 53% of the cases. H. pylori-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas were more likely to present at an earlier stage (73% vs 52% at stage I/II, P=0.03), to achieve complete remission (75% vs 43%, P=0.001), and had a better 5-year disease-free survival rate (73% vs 29%, P<0.001) than H. pylori-negative gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Through genome-wide expression profiles of both miRNAs and mRNAs in nine H. pylori-positive and nine H. pylori-negative gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, we identified inhibition of ZEB1 (zinc-finger E-box-binding homeobox 1) by miR-200 in H. pylori-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. ZEB1, a transcription factor for marginal zone B cells, can suppress BCL6, the master transcription factor for germinal center B cells. In 30 H. pylori-positive and 30 H. pylori-negative gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, we confirmed that H. pylori-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas had higher levels of miR-200 by qRT-PCR, and lower levels of ZEB1 and higher levels of BCL6 using immunohistochemistry. As BCL6 is a known predictor of a better prognosis in gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, our data demonstrate that inhibition of ZEB1 by miR-200, with secondary increase in BCL6, is a molecular event that characterizes H. pylori-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas with a less aggressive behavior.