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Antiviral therapy

A randomized trial of daclatasvir with peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin for HCV genotype 1 infection.


PMID 24451122

Abstract

Daclatasvir-containing regimens have the potential to address limitations of current regimens combining peginterferon alfa and ribavirin with first-generation protease inhibitors for treatment of chronic HCV genotype 1 infection. In this randomized, double-blind study, 27 Japanese treatment-naive patients received once-daily daclatasvir 10 mg or 60 mg or placebo, each combined with peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin; 18 prior null (n=9) or partial (n=9) responders received the same daclatasvir-containing regimens without a placebo arm. Daclatasvir recipients with protocol-defined response (HCV RNA<15 IU/ml at week 4, undetectable at week 12) were treated for 24 weeks; those without protocol-defined response and placebo recipients continued treatment to week 48. Sustained virological response 24 weeks post-treatment (SVR24) was achieved by 66.7%, 90.0% and 62.5% of treatment-naive patients in the daclatasvir 10 mg, 60 mg and placebo groups, respectively. Prior non-responders had more frequent virological failure; 22.2% and 33.3% of daclatasvir 10 mg and 60 mg recipients, respectively, achieved SVR24. Adverse events were similar across groups and were typical of peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin. Pyrexia, headache, alopecia, decreased appetite and malaise were the most common adverse events; two daclatasvir recipients discontinued due to adverse events. Daclatasvir 60 mg combined with peginterferon alfa-2b and ribavirin achieved a high rate of SVR24 in treatment-naive patients with HCV genotype 1 infection, with tolerability similar to that of peginterferon alfa-2b/ribavirin alone. However, regimens with greater antiviral potency are needed for prior non-responders.