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Advanced healthcare materials

Lung deposition and cellular uptake behavior of pathogen-mimicking nanovaccines in the first 48 hours.


PMID 24520022

Abstract

Pulmonary immunization poses the unique challenge of balancing vaccine efficacy with minimizing inflammation in the respiratory tract. While previous studies have shown that mice immunized intranasally with F1-V-loaded polyanhydride nanoparticles are protected from a lethal challenge with Yersinia pestis, little is known about the initial interaction between the nanoparticles and immune cells following intranasal administration. Here, the deposition within the lung and internalization by phagocytic cells of polyanhydride nanovaccines encapsulating F1-V are compared with that of soluble F1-V alone or F1-V adjuvanted with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA). Encapsulation of F1-V into polyanhydride nanoparticles prolonged its presence while F1-V administered with MPLA is undetectable within 48 h. The inflammation induced by the polyanhydride nanovaccine is mild compared with the marked inflammation induced by the MPLA-adjuvanted F1-V. Even though F1-V delivered with saline is detected in the lung 48 h after administration, it is known that this regimen does not elicit a protective immune response. The prolonged F1-V presence in the lung in concert with the mild inflammatory response provided by the nanovaccine provides new insights into the development of protective immune responses with a single intranasal dose.

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