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Pharmaceutical development and technology

HPLC determination of olanzapine and carbamazepine in their nicotinamide cocrystals and investigation of the dissolution profiles of cocrystal tablet formulations.


PMID 24521464

Abstract

Cocrystals have recently gained importance in the pharmaceutical industry. In this study, olanzapine and carbamazepine cocrystals were synthesized by using nicotinamide as cocrystal forming agent to achieve improvements in the physicochemical characteristics of the active ingredients. An HPLC method was developed to determine the amount, thus, the stoichiometric ratios of olanzapine and carbamazepine in the synthesized cocrystals. Olanzapine:nicotinamide and olanzapine tablet formulations were prepared and the developed HPLC method was applied successfully in order to compare the dissolution profiles of these formulations. An ACE 5 CN, 25 cm × 4.6 mm, 5 µm column was used and a gradient elution program was performed for simultaneous determination of olanzapine, carbamazepine and nicotinamide. Phosphate buffer (pH 5.0, 25 mM) and methanol was used in a ratio from 80:20 to 70:30 while the flow rate was 1 mL min(-1) for the elution of the compounds within 12 min. In conclusion, two different aims were achieved, the first one was to indicate the stoichiometric ratios of the active ingredients olanzapine and carbamazepine with nicotinamide in their cocrystals, and the second one was the comparison of the dissolution profiles of the olanzapine and olanzapine:nicotinamide cocrystal formulations. It was found that the cocrystal formulation with nicotinamide improved the dissolution profile of olanzapine.