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Journal of molecular biology

Non-enzymatic template-directed synthesis on RNA random copolymers. Poly(C,A) templates.


PMID 2459395

Abstract

Poly(C,A) random copolymer templates direct the oligomerization of 2-MeImpG (2-MeImpX is the 5'-phospho-2-methylimidazolide of the nucleoside X) and 2-MeImpU, resulting in the production of a variety of oligo (G,U)s. This reaction is less efficient than comparable reactions involving poly(C,U) or poly(C,G) templates. The efficiency of monomer incorporation into newly synthesized oligomers is lower for 2-MeImpU than 2-MeImpG, and cannot be improved by increasing the concentration of 2-MeImpU relative to 2-MeImpG. This suggests that RNA templates containing runs of consecutive adenine residues would not be suitable for use in a chemical self-replicating system. The distribution of oligomeric products can be characterized in detail using high-pressure liquid chromatography on an RPC-5 column. Oligomers are separated on the basis of chain length, base composition, and phosphodiester-linkage isomerism. Oligomers up to about the 13-mer, with base composition Gn, Gn-1, U, and Gn-2, U2, have been identified.

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