EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology

Regulation of the mouse medial prefrontal cortical synapses by endogenous estradiol.


PMID 24608267

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that low endogenous estradiol might be a susceptibility factor for anxiety and trauma-related disorders in women. Consistently, fear extinction, a form of inhibitory learning critical for the management of anxiety symptoms, is positively correlated with endogenous estradiol levels. To understand the synaptic basis of the effect of endogenous estradiol on fear extinction, we studied glutamatergic transmission and plasticity in the infralimbic medial prefrontal cortex (IL-mPFC), a brain region crucial for the regulation of fear extinction. Diestrus mice (low estradiol) exhibited a higher basal glutamatergic transmission compared with proestrus mice (high estradiol). Synaptic plasticity was also regulated by endogenous estradiol, which favored synaptic potentiation in a GluN2B-dependent manner. Activation of estrogen receptor β (ERβ) but not ERα rescued synaptic potentiation in diestrus mice by enhancing GluN2B-mediated NMDA receptor transmission. Our results suggest that both endogenous estradiol and ERβ activation facilitate the ability of the IL-mPFC synapses to undergo potentiation, a mechanism necessary for the regulation of fear extinction.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

H5915
2,3-Bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionitrile, ≥98% (HPLC)
C15H13NO2