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Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico

Estrogen combined with progesterone decreases cell proliferation and inhibits the expression of Bcl-2 via microRNA let-7a and miR-34b in ovarian cancer cells.


PMID 24643702

Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of estrogen (E(2)), progesterone (P4), and the combination of them (E(2) + P4) on survival rate, apoptosis, and the expressions of Bcl-2, hsa-let-7a and has-miR-34b in primary ovarian cancer cells to provide new clues for the clinical treatments of ovarian cancer. The primary ovarian cancer cells from 60 cases of clinical ovarian cancer tissues were isolated and then cultured. The survival rate of ovarian cancer cells after the treatment of E(2), P4 and E(2) + P4 was analyzed by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis rate and cell cycle were measured by FACS analysis. Moreover, the relative abundance of Bcl-2 and microRNAs (let-7a, miR-34b) expressions were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. Low concentrations of estrogen (10(-10), 10(-8), 10(-6 )mol/L) did not affect the proliferation of ovarian cancer cells. However, the high concentration of estrogen (10(-4 )mol/L) inhibited survival rate of ovarian cancer cells. Progesterone (10(-4 )mol/L) inhibited the proliferation of cancer cells. The combination of estrogen and progesterone significantly inhibited the survival rate of ovarian cancer cells with a time- and dose-dependent manner. High concentration of estrogen combined with progesterone (E(2) + P4) induced apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells. E(2) + P4 promoted the expression of let-7a and miR-34b and reduced the expression of Bcl-2 in ovarian cancer cells. When the expression of let-7a or/and miR-34b was inhibited using miRNA inhibitors, E(2) + P4 treatment did not change the protein level of Bcl-2. E(2) + P4 significantly inhibited the cell survival, promoted the cell apoptosis, induced the expression of let-7a and miR-34b, and reduced the expression of Bcl-2 in ovarian cancer cells.