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Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

Spontaneous control of HIV replication, but not HAART-induced viral suppression, is associated with lower activation of immune cells.


PMID 24732877

Abstract

HIV replication control is important to reduce AIDS progression. We determined frequency and activation status of immune cells in spontaneous HIV controllers vs. individuals with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)-controlled viral load. HIV controllers exhibited significantly higher frequency of CD4 T cells and myeloid dendritic cells compared with HAART-controlled viral load. Additionally, HIV controllers have a significantly lower percentage of cells expressing activation markers on CD4 and CD8 T cells, myeloid dendritic cells, and natural killer cells. These findings suggest that during HIV infection, conservation of a normal frequency and physiological range of immune activation is associated with spontaneous, but not HAART-induced, control of viral replication.