Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions

The predictors of successful percutaneous coronary intervention in ostial left anterior descending artery chronic total occlusion.

PMID 24740864


Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to chronic total occlusion (CTO) has become one of the treatment strategies in recent era. The ostium of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) is one of the most difficult positions for CTO revascularization. Until now, limited data has been made available for the prediction of successful ostial LAD CTO PCI. The aim of the study was to compare the differences between ostial LAD and all other CTOs and to identify the predictors of successful ostial LAD CTO PCI. This retrospective analysis included consecutive patients referred for CTO PCI between January 2001 and September 2013. Ostial LAD CTO was defined as CTO at the position whose distance between lesion and left main bifurcation was less than 1 mm. Baseline demographics, lesion characteristics, interventional procedure details, and devices were compared between the ostial LAD group and the all other CTOs group. The predictors of successful ostial LAD CTO PCI were also evaluated. 621 patients who underwent CTO PCI were enrolled retrospectively to this study. A total of 70 patients of ostial LAD CTO were compared with 551 patients of all other CTOs group in this study. Ostial LAD CTO was found to have more bridging and better collaterals than all other CTOs. Procedure time, fluoroscopic time, contrast volumes, the use of contralateral injection, and the use of the retrograde approach were significantly greater in the ostial LAD CTO group. The ostial LAD CTO group also had significantly higher J-CTO scores (2.7 ± 0.8 vs. 2.2 ± 1.1, P = 0.011) and higher Syntax Scores (28.3 ± 6.5 vs. 20.9 ± 9.7, P < 0.001). A slightly lower final success rate, but statistically non-significant, was observed in the ostial LAD CTO group (80.0% vs. 81.9%, P = 0.706). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression revealed that without antegrade failure and with retrograde success were predictors of the success of ostial LAD CTO PCI. Syntax Score was also capable of predicting the ostial LAD CTO PCI outcome. J-CTO score was not found to be associated with final success for ostial LAD CTO patients. Ostial LAD CTO resulted in higher lesion complexity in J-CTO scores and Syntax Scores. Ostial LAD CTO PCI had a slightly lower final success rate than that of all other CTOs PCI with longer procedure duration, fluoroscopic time and larger contrast volume. Without antegrade failure, with retrograde success, and lower Syntax Score were found to predict the success of ostial LAD CTO PCI.