ACS nano

Surface-specific deposition of catalytic metal nanocrystals on hollow carbon nanospheres via galvanic replacement reactions of carbon-encapsulated MnO nanoparticles.

PMID 24754512


This paper reports the findings of our efforts toward gaining a more complete understanding and utilization of galvanic replacement reactions involving manganese oxide with noble metals. It was revealed that the site of metal deposition is significantly affected by the variable oxidation state of manganese oxide. The use of carbon-encapsulated MnO nanoparticles as a reaction template led to metal growth specifically on the outermost surfaces of the carbon shells rather than on the MnO cores, which allowed for the selective decoration of the external surfaces of hollow carbon nanospheres with catalytic nanocrystals of various noble metals, including Pt, Pd, Rh, and Ir. By rearranging the sequence between carbon-shell coating and galvanic replacement processes, the deposited metal nanocrystals could be placed on the interior surfaces of hollow carbon nanospheres and, moreover, separately on the internal and the external surfaces, which may enable the respective control of the catalytic functionalities of each specific surface.