Acta poloniae pharmaceutica

The impact of liposomes on transdermal permeation of naproxen--in vitro studies.

PMID 24779203


The possibility of applying liposomes as a topical drug delivery system is still a matter of intensive research. The purpose of this study was to determine the suitability of liposomes as carriers of naproxen and to prove their impact on the effectiveness of transdermal permeation of an active substance. The study was conducted with the use of Franz Diffusion Cell System by comparing the efficacy of a preparation containing 20% of phosphatidylcholine (PC) and 10% of naproxen with reference preparations, i.e., a formulation containing 10% of naproxen without PC and the commercial product Naproxen 10%, gel. The largest transdermal penetration flux of naproxen and the highest efficacy of naproxen permeation were obtained for the formulation containing 10% of naproxen and 20% of PC. The study of the influence of liposomes size and topology on the transdermal diffusion of naproxen (large unilamellar vesicle, LUV, multilamellar vesicle, MLV) showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the flux or total amounts of transdermally diffused naproxen between compared formulations. In conclusion, liposomes present in a formulation double the efficacy of the transdermal permeation of naproxen in vitro compared to reference preparations containing no carriers. Better permeation effect of a formulation was not related to the liposome type (LUV or MLV).