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Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)

Overexpression of LAPTM4B is correlated with tumor angiogenesis and poor prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer.


PMID 24816841

Abstract

Lysosome-associated protein transmembrane-4 beta (LAPTM4B) is a novel oncogene, which has been indicated to be dramatically overexpressed in various malignant tumors. The aims of this study were to detect LAPTM4B protein expression in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and then analyze the relationships of LAPTM4B protein with clinicopathologic factors, tumor angiogenesis and prognosis with SPSS statistical software. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of LAPTM4B and CD34 proteins in NSCLC tissues, and its results showed that LAPTM4B protein expression in NSCLC tissues was significantly higher than that in normal lung tissues (P < 0.001). Of the186 NSCLC cases, 129 (69.35 %) had strong expression of LAPTM4B protein, which was associated with histopathologic differentiation (P = 0.017), lymph node metastasis (P = 0.001) and TNM stage (P = 0.046), as well as the microvessel density (MVD) (P = 0.019). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that patients with strong LAPM4B protein expression and high MVD might have poor overall survival (OS; P = 0.001, P = 0.002, respectively) and disease-free survival (DFS; P = 0.002, P = 0.038, respectively). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that LAPTM4B protein was an independent prognostic marker for OS and DFS of NSCLC patients (P = 0.037, P = 0.046, respectively). These findings illustrated that LAPTM4B protein was closely associated with NSCLC progression, angiogenesis and poor prognosis, suggesting that LAPTM4B protein could be applied not only in predicting patient's outcome, but also in antiangiogenic therapy as a possible novel target molecule.