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Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-solid phase extraction directly combined with protein precipitation for the determination of triptorelin in plasma.


PMID 24820974

Abstract

Peptide drugs play a critical role in therapeutic treatment. However, as the complexity of plasma, determination of peptide drugs using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) is a daunting task. To solve this problem, hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-solid phase extraction (HILIC-SPE) directly combined with protein precipitation (PPT) was developed for the selective extraction of triptorelin from plasma. The extracts were analyzed by reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC). Proteins, phospholipids and highly polar interferences could be removed from plasma by the efficient combination of PPT, HILIC-SPE and RPLC-MS/MS. This method was evaluated by matrix effect, recovery and process efficiency at different concentration levels (50, 500 and 5,000 ng/mL) of triptorelin. Furthermore, the performance of HILIC-SPE was compared with that of reversed-phase C18 SPE and hydrophilic lipophilic balance (Oasis HLB) SPE. Among them, HILIC-SPE provided the minimum matrix effect (ranging from 96.02% to 103.41%), the maximum recovery (ranging from 80.68% to 90.54%) and the satisfactory process efficiency (ranging from 82.83% to 92.95%). The validated method was successfully applied to determine triptorelin in rat plasma.