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Applied and environmental microbiology

Novel outer membrane protein involved in cellulose and cellooligosaccharide degradation by Cytophaga hutchinsonii.


PMID 24837387

Abstract

Cytophaga hutchinsonii is an aerobic cellulolytic soil bacterium which was reported to use a novel contact-dependent strategy to degrade cellulose. It was speculated that cellooligosaccharides were transported into the periplasm for further digestion. In this study, we reported that most of the endoglucanase and -glucosidase activity was distributed on the cell surface of C. hutchinsonii.Cellobiose and part of the cellulose could be hydrolyzed to glucose on the cell surface. However, the cell surface cellulolytic enzymes were not sufficient for cellulose degradation by C. hutchinsonii. An outer membrane protein, CHU_1277, was disrupted by insertional mutation. Although the mutant maintained the same endoglucanase activity and most of the -glucosidase activity,it failed to digest cellulose, and its cellooligosaccharide utilization ability was significantly reduced, suggesting that CHU_1277 was essential for cellulose degradation and played an important role in cellooligosaccharide utilization. Further study of cellobiose hydrolytic ability of the mutant on the enzymatic level showed that the -glucosidase activity in the outer membrane of the mutant was not changed. It revealed that CHU_1277 played an important role in assisting cell surface -glucosidase to exhibit its activity sufficiently. Studies on the outer membrane proteins involved in cellulose and cellooligosaccharide utilization could shed light on the mechanism of cellulose degradation by C. hutchinsonii.

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