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Molecular medicine reports

Identification of miRNA-21 and miRNA-24 in plasma as potential early stage markers of acute cerebral infarction.


PMID 24841240

Abstract

This study investigated the role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) and microRNA-24 (miR-24) in the pathological processes that follow cerebral ischemic injury and examined the potential use of miR-21 and -24 in stroke diagnostics as sensitive plasma biomarkers. An oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model was constructed using mouse N2A neuroblastoma cells (N2A). Western blot analysis and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) were employed to detect protein and miRNA expression levels. miR-21 and miR-24 were analyzed in the plasma from 68xa0patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI) and 21xa0healthy individuals. In the present study, it was identified that plasma miR-21 and miR-24 were lower in ACI patients than in the controls (P<0.05). A positive correlation was demonstrated between plasma miR-21 and miR-24, and a negative correlation was revealed between miR-21, miR-24 and the National Institutes of Health Scales Score (NIHSS) within the first day following stroke. In addition, the expression of miR-21 and miR-24 was upregulated by 3.3- and 4.9-fold, respectively, when the reoxygenation time persisted up to 24xa0h following 3xa0h of OGD. The expression of Bcl-2 was upregulated following gain of miR-21 function, while X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) was downregulated after gain of miR-24 function in N2A cells. The data suggested that miR-21 may have an antiapoptotic effect in N2A neuroblastoma cells following OGD and reoxygenation, while miR-24 may have a pro-apoptotic effect. Therefore, these microRNAs may be potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of post-ischemic injury and may act as diagnostic markers during the early stage of ACI.