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Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI

Contributions to protection from Streptococcus pneumoniae infection using the monovalent recombinant protein vaccine candidates PcpA, PhtD, and PlyD1 in an infant murine model during challenge.


PMID 24850621

Abstract

A vaccine consisting of several conserved proteins with different functions directing the pathogenesis of pneumonia and sepsis would be preferred for protection against infection by Streptococcus pneumoniae. Infants will be the major population targeted for next-generation pneumococcal vaccines. Here, we investigated the potential efficacy provided by three recombinant pneumococcal vaccine candidate proteins--pneumococcal histidine triad D (PhtD), detoxified pneumolysin derivative (PlyD1), and pneumococcal choline-binding protein A (PcpA)--for reducing pneumonia and sepsis in an infant mouse vaccine model. We found vaccination with PhtD and PcpA provided high IgG antibody titers after vaccination in infant mice, similar to adult mice comparators. PlyD1-specific total IgG was significantly lower in infant mice, with minimal boosting with the second and third vaccinations. Similar isotypes of IgG for PhtD and PlyD1 were generated in infant compared to adult mice. Although lower total specific IgG to all three proteins was elicited in infant than in adult mice, the infant mice were protected from bacteremic pneumonia and sepsis mortality (PlyD1) and had lower lung bacterial burdens (PcpA and PhtD) after challenge. The observed immune responses coupled with bacterial reductions elicited by each of the monovalent proteins support further testing in human infant clinical trials.