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Tuberculosis (Edinburgh, Scotland)

Real time PCR quantification of viable Mycobacterium tuberculosis from sputum samples treated with propidium monoazide.


PMID 24863654

Abstract

Diagnostic methods of TB, nowadays, are prone to delay in diagnosis, increased false negative results and are not sensitive to many forms of paucibacillary disease. The aims of this study were to implement a quantitative nucleic acid-based diagnostic test for paucibacillary tuberculosis, enabling the identification and quantification of viable Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli by quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR). The intergenic region of the single-copy inhA-mabA gene was chosen as the target region for design of primers and probes conjugated with fluorophores. The construction of synthetic DNA flanking the target region served as standards for absolute quantification of nucleic acids. Using the intercaling dye, propidium monoazide, we were able to discriminate between viable and dead cells of M.xa0tuberculosis. The diagnosis method showed a broad sensitivity (96.1%) when only compared to samples of smear-positive sputum and ROC analyses shows that our approach performed well and yielded a specificity of 84.6% and a sensitivity of 84.6% when compared to M.xa0tuberculosis colony-forming units counting.

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E2028
Ethidium bromide monoazide, ≥95% (HPLC), solid
C21H18BrN5