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Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology

Hepatoprotective activity of LC-ESI-MS standardized Iris spuria rhizome extract on its main bioactive constituents.


PMID 24877715

Abstract

The study was designed to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of Iris spuria against paracetamol induced toxicity at two different doses 100 and 200 mg/kg. The extract showed significant protective activity (p>0.01) at both the doses in dose dependent manner. Administration of the plant extract restored the paracetamol induced elevated levels of serum marker and distorted hepatic tissue architecture. The lipid peroxides (LPO) and glutathione (GSH) levels were also restored towards normal in liver tissue significantly. The main chemical constituents of the extract identified by the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MSMS) were found to be flavones and isoflavonoids. Tectoridin and iristectorigenin A were the principal compounds present in the methanolic extract of Iris spuria.