FEBS letters

Dapper-1 is essential for Wnt5a induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by regulating the Wnt/PCP pathway.

PMID 24879894


The Wnt signaling pathway was identified as crucial mediator of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In this study we found that activation of non-canonical Wnt signaling by Wnt5a stimulates protein synthesis and enlargement of cardiomyocyte surface area. These hypertrophic features were inhibited in Dapper-1 (Dpr1) depleted cells. On the molecular level, we observed inhibition of the non-canonical Wnt/planar-cell-polarity (PCP) pathway denoted by reduction of c-jun-n-terminal-kinase (JNK) phosphorylation. Upstream of JNK, increased protein levels of the Wnt/PCP trans-membrane receptor van-Gogh-like-2 (Vangl2) were observed along with an enrichment of Vangl2 in perinuclear located vesicles. The findings suggest that Dpr1 is essential for execution of the Wnt/PCP pathway and regulation of the Vangl2/JNK axis. Depletion of Dpr1 inhibits non-canonical Wnt signaling induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy by blocking Wnt/PCP signaling.