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Oncology reports

Plasmid-based Stat3-specific siRNA and GRIM-19 inhibit the growth of thyroid cancer cells in vitro and in vivo.


PMID 24899100

Abstract

It has been shown that overexpression of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) contribute to the progression and metastasis of various solid tumors and that silencing Stat3 inhibits tumor growth in several types of cancer. Gene associated with retinoid-IFN-induced mortality 19 (GRIM-19), a Stat3-inhibitory protein, was identified as a potential tumor suppressor associated with growth inhibition and cell apoptosis by targeting the transcription factor Stat3 for inhibition. However, little is known about Stat3 and GRIM-19 roles in the tumor growth of thyroid carcinoma cells. In the present study, we developed a dual expression plasmid that co-expressed Stat3-specific siRNA and GRIM-19 (pSi-Stat3-GRIM-19) and transfected it into SW579 cells (thyroid carcinoma cell line) to evaluate its effects on cell proliferation, cell apoptosis, cell migration and cell invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. Simultaneous expression of pSi-Stat3-GRIM-19 in SW579 cancer cells was found to significantly suppress the proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, when compared to the controls either Stat3-specific siRNA or GRIM-19 alone. In conclusion, our data demonstrated that a combined strategy of co-expressed Stat3-specific siRNA and GRIM19 synergistically and more effectively suppressed thyroid tumor growth, and have therapeutic potential for the treatment of thyroid cancer.