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Chinese medical journal

Age, estimated glomerular filtration rate and ejection fraction score predicts contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with diabetes and chronic kidney disease: insight from the TRACK-D study.


PMID 24931252

Abstract

The occurrence of contrast induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) has a pronounced impact on morbidity and mortality. The aim of the present study was to appraise the diagnostic efficacy of age, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and ejection fraction (AGEF) score (age/EF(%)+1 (if eGFR was <60 ml × min(-1)× 1.73 m(-2))) as an predictor of CIAKI in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and concomitant chronic kidney disease (CKD). The AGEF score was calculated for 2 998 patients with type 2 DM and concomitant CKD who had undergone coronary/peripheral arterial angiography. CIAKI was defined as an increase in sCr concentration of 0.5 mg/dl (44.2 mmol/L) or 25% above baseline at 72 hours after exposure to the contrast medium. Post hoc analysis was performed by stratifying the rate of CIAKI according to AGEF score tertiles. The diagnostic efficacy of the AGEF score for predicting CIAKI was evaluated with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. The AGEF score ranged from 0.49 to 3.09. The AGEF score tertiles were defined as follows: AGEFlow ≤ 0.92 (n = 1 006); 0.92 1.16 (n = 992). The incidence of CIAKI was significantly different in patients with low, middle and high AGEF scores (AGEFlow = 1.1%, AGEFmid = 2.3% and AGEFhigh = 5.8%, P < 0.001). By multivariate analysis, AGEF score was an independent predictor of CIAKI (odds ratio = 4.96, 95% CI: 2.32-10.58, P < 0.01). ROC analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.70 (95% CI: 0.648-0.753, P < 0.001). The AGEF score is effective for stratifying risk of CIAKI in patients with DM and CKD undergoing coronary/peripheral arterial angiography. (Clinical Trial identifier: NCT00786136).