Unveiling TiNb2 O7 as an insertion anode for lithium ion capacitors with high energy and power density.

PMID 24961606


This is the first report of the utilization of TiNb2 O7 as an insertion-type anode in a lithium-ion hybrid electrochemical capacitor (Li-HEC) along with an activated carbon (AC) counter electrode derived from a coconut shell. A simple and scalable electrospinning technique is adopted to prepare one-dimensional TiNb2 O7 nanofibers that can be characterized by XRD with Rietveld refinement, SEM, and TEM. The lithium insertion properties of such electrospun TiNb2 O7 are evaluated in the half-cell configuration (Li/TiNb2 O7 ) and it is found that the reversible intercalation of lithium (≈3.45 mol) is feasible with good capacity retention characteristics. The Li-HEC is constructed with an optimized mass loading based on the electrochemical performance of both the TiNb2 O7 anode and AC counter electrode in nonaqueous media. The Li-HEC delivers very high energy and power densities of approximately 43 Wh kg(-1) and 3 kW kg(-1) , respectively. Furthermore, the AC/TiNb2 O7 Li-HEC delivers a good cyclability of 3000 cycles with about 84% of the initial value.