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Pharmaceutical research

Enhancing effect of glucose microspheres in the viability of human mesenchymal stem cell suspensions for clinical administration.


PMID 24962511

Abstract

A critical limiting factor of cell therapy is the short life of the stem cells. In this study, glucose containing alginate microspheres were developed and characterized to provide a sustained release system prolonging the viability of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in a suspension for clinical application. The glucose microspheres were satisfactorily elaborated with alginate by emulsification/internal gelation method. Particle size was evaluated by light diffraction and optical microscopy. Shape and surface texture by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Zeta potential, infrared spectra and release studies were also conducted. Also, rheological properties and stability of hMSCs suspensions with microspheres were tested. The viability of hMSCs was determined by trypan blue dye exclusion staining. Microspheres of 86.62xa0μm, spherical shaped and -32.54xa0mV zeta potential with excellent stability, good encapsulation efficiency and providing an exponential release of glucose were obtained. hMSCs had better survival rate when they were packed with glucose microspheres. Microspheres maintained the aseptic conditions of the cell suspension without rheological, morphological or immunophenotypic disturbances on hMSCs. Developed microspheres were able to enhance the functionality of hMSC suspension. This strategy could be broadly applied to various therapeutic approaches in which prolonged viability of cells is necessary.