Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Magnetic single-walled carbon nanotubes-dispersive solid-phase extraction method combined with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of paraquat in urine.

PMID 24999616


In this study, magnetic single-walled carbon nanotubes (MSWCNTs) were prepared by impregnating magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles onto the surfaces of carboxylic single-walled carbon nanotubes based on electrostatic interactions. The prepared MSWCNTs were used as the adsorbent for the dispersive solid-phase extraction (DSPE) of paraquat from human urine. After adsorption, the paraquat was quantitatively desorbed with 5%TFA in acetonitrile and determined by HPLC-MS. Extraction parameters such as the type of CNT adsorbent, extraction time, sample volume, wash solvent, and the type and volume of desorption solvent were optimized to obtain high DSPE recoveries and extraction efficiencies. Under the optimized conditions, the calibration curve was linear in the range 3.75-375.0 μg/L with a correlation coefficient of 0.999 45. The LOD (S/N=3) and LOQ (S/N=10) were 0.94 and 2.82 μg/L, respectively. The recoveries ranged from 92.89 to 108.9% for spiked real urine samples with RSDs below 3.21%. Finally, the new method was successfully used to determine paraquat in urine samples of suspected paraquat poisoning patients. The MSWCNTs exhibited suitable properties and a high adsorption capacity for the extraction of paraquat.