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Archives of pharmacal research

Contribution of CNT1 and ENT1 to ribavirin uptake in human hepatocytes.


PMID 25011570

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the contributions of a sodium-dependent concentrative nucleoside transporter (CNT) 1 and an equilibrative nucleoside transporter (ENT) 1 to ribavirin uptake in human hepatocytes. The initial studies in oocytes expressing CNT1 and ENT1 showed increases in ribavirin uptake, indicating that ribavirin was a substrate for both CNT1 and ENT1. The CNT1- and ENT1-mediated ribavirin uptake showed concentration dependency with the following kinetics parameters: Km 26.3 μM and Vmax 426.2 fmol/min/oocyte for CNT1; Km 70.5 μM and Vmax 134.3 fmol/min/oocyte for ENT1. Ribavirin uptake clearance in six human hepatocytes ranged from 21.3 to 300.7 μL/min. Estimation of the contributions of CNT1 and ENT1 to the hepatic uptake of ribavirin by using a relative activity factor method indicated that the relative contribution of ENT1 to the ribavirin uptake was 82.8 ± 3.9%. Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of CNT1 and ENT1 expressions in the hepatocytes showed that ENT1 mRNA expression was closely correlated with ribavirin uptake (R = 0.95, P = 0.003) while CNT1 was not. The findings indicated that ENT1 was the major transporter controlling the hepatic uptake of ribavirin.

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