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Oncology letters

Relative influence of c-Kit expression and epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification on survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.


PMID 25013472

Abstract

c-Kit and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) have critical roles in cell proliferation and differentiation in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The present study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of c-Kit and/or EGFR expression in tumor tissue samples from 146 patients with NSCLC. c-Kit expression was analyzed using immunohistochemistry and the expression of EGFR was assessed using fluorescence in situ hybridization. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified that c-Kit is a significant negative prognostic factor. The expression of c-Kit was correlated with poor differentiation, pleura involvement and smoking history (P=0.043, 0.007 and 0.032, respectively). Furthermore, patients with c-Kit-positive expression were associated with a significantly lower overall survival compared with those exhibiting c-Kit-negative expression (P=0.048). The median follow-up time was 19 months post-surgery. EGFR gene amplification as a result of polysomy of chromosome 7 was found to be negatively correlated with poor differentiation and smoking history (P=0.023 and 0.044, respectively). The findings of the present study indicate that c-Kit and EGFR expression is a strong, independent, negative prognostic factor in NSCLC.