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Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)

Mechanistic considerations of photosensitized transformation of microcystin-LR (cyanobacterial toxin) in aqueous environments.


PMID 25016104

Abstract

Microcystin-LR (MC-LR), one of the most common cyanotoxins, is produced by harmful cyanobacteria. The current study focuses on the photosensitized transformation of MC-LR in dissolved organic matter (DOM) enriched solutions under solar simulated irradiation. It appears that the direct energy transfer of triplet excited state DOM with MC-LR plays a key role and leads to photosensitized isomerization of Adda side chain. Furthermore a micro-heterogeneous mechanism has been proposed. Size exclude chromatograph (SEC) has been applied to explore the adsorption of MC-LR on the DOM. The adsorption phenomenon supported the fact that the pseudo first-order photodegradation rates showed positive correlation with the adsorption. The photo-transformation rate of MC-LR increases as pH decreases which is also the result of the adsorptive interaction of MC-LR with DOM. Finally two bulk water parameters (TOC and UV350xa0nm) have been applied to predict the photodegradation rates of MC-LR in the varied water matrixes.

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